Science

Light 

Miners have always had to battle against the dark. Use these resources to find out about the different light sources used by miners underground and the invention of the flame safety lamp.  

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Mine Lighting

Fact sheet about the different light sources used by miners underground.

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Light and other bright objects worksheet

Group pictures into items which produce light and reflect light.

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Light Wordsearch

Revise key words by completing this wordsearch.

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Safety Lamp Investigation

Create your own science investigation by looking at what materials you could use to make your own safety lamp.

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Create your own Safety Lamp Template

Download our template and make your very own Safety Lamp!

Play this game to explore how light travels

These film clips show miners using different light sources underground 

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Media desktop high res ks2 safety lamp video
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Electricity 

Electricity was an important power source underground.

Use these downloadable factsheets and worksheets to find out how electricity was used in mining.

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Mine Electricity Factsheet

Learn about what equipment relied on electricity underground.

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Electricity Hazards

Can you spot where the electricity hazards are in this picture?

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Electricity Circuits Worksheet

Download a tick-box worksheet.

Rock Factsheets

Use these resources to find out how coal was formed and its properties.

Go to our image bank to see pictures of rock and fossil samples and to see different rocks in use around the Museum site.

 

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Factsheet: How Coal is formed

What is coal and how was it formed?

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How is Coal mined Factsheet

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Coal Measures Factsheet

Find out about why there are different coal seams and how they were formed.

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Mine Gases

Factsheet about the potentially life-threatening gases found underground.

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Properties of Rocks Factsheet

Explore the different properties of rocks.

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Properties of Minerals Factsheet

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Rocks and Soil Key Vocabulary Worksheet

Play this interactive game to explore how coal was formed

 

Forces

Mining machinery in action

See our line shafting machinery in action. This piece of machinery enabled lots of men to work using just one source of power. How many different mechanisms can you spot?

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Mining Forces

Download the factsheets and learn about how workers, tools, machines and materials all need to be transported in and out, as well as the coal that has been mined.

Plus learn about how progression in techn ological advances meant coal was mined more efficiently, the different types of transport used underground and how the mining roof was supported.

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Coal Cutting Factsheet

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Mining Machines- Driving Factsheet

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Mining Machines- Roof Factsheet

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Mining Machines- Transport

Materials

How are different materials used in mining?

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Dudley Insulation Investigation

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Keep our miners warm underground worksheet

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Materials Worksheet

Revise reversible and irreversible changes.

Blacksmith Video

Watch our Blacksmih at work in the forge. What happens to the metal he is working with?

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Materials Video

How did the Blacksmith do his job?

Habitats and Environment

Use the factsheets to find out about creatures that once lived down a mine.

Find out out how coal mining continues to affect the environment today by watching our video with Hector the Heron.

 

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Coal Creatures Worksheet

Explore the minibeasts you could find underground!

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Mining Animals Factsheet

Find out about mice, rats, Pit Ponies and cats lived underground.

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Water Treatment Factsheet

Find out how the Museum cleans the polluted minewater pumped out from underground.

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Water Treatment Video

How do you treat water that's been polluted from the mine? Hector the Heron explains the problems of water treatment underground and how it gets treated after mining coal.

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