Image Bank

Our image bank includes a selection of striking images and illustrations, which can be downloaded for use in the classroom.

Chronology of Mining

An illustrated chronology of mining

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Miners Working Underground - Pre 20th Century

Caphouse Colliery

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Children being lowered into the mine

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A thruster at work.

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Hewer working by candle light.

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Hurrier and a thruster moving coal

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Men hewing and riddling coal

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Trapper and Thruster

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Trapper opening a ventilation door

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Pit Ponies

Miner with a pit pony. Ponies wore eye protection underground.

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Pit ponies lived in stables underground

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Miners with pit ponies underground.

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Pit pony and driver underground

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Team of horses pulling coal carts

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Miner and pit pony in a field. Pit ponies spent only two weeks each year above ground.

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Miners Working Underground 1950s-1960s

Miners putting up a wooden pit prop

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Miners pick up their lamp and batteries from the lamproom at the start of a shift

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Miners would ride a paddy train to get to the coal face

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Miner testing for gas with a safety lamp

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Miner drilling the coalface

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Miner shotfiring 

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Miner loading coal onto a conveyor 

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Miners eating their snap underground

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Miners in the dirty side lockers in the pithead baths at the end of their shift

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Miners Working Underground 1970s-1990s

Miner using a flame safety lamp underground

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Miner checking a hydraulic roof support

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Miner with a road heading machine. These are used to 'drive' roadways underground.

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Team of miners who worked together at the coal face

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Miners used canaries to warn them of dangerous gases underground. If the canary stopped singing, they would leave the area

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Miners had to wear protective clothing underground including goggles, gloves ear defenders and helmets

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Electric loco transporting men underground 

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A shearer is a big coal cutting machine. It has two cutting discs, which slice through the coal seam.

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Miners working on roof bolting, a modern method of roof support 

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Mining Objects

Rag rugs were made out of old clothing and material. 

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A spedding mill was one of the first attempts at a safety lamp. Flint was held against the spinning disk to produce a shower of sparks and dim illumination.

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A safety lamp is designed to work in air that may contain coal dust or gases which are flammable or explosive.

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The headgear is a steel structure above an underground mine shaft.

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The Miner's Welfare Fund, set up in 1921, gave money for welfare projects including pithead baths. The miners bought soap at the baths canteen, which was normally stamped PHB.

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Candles were expensive so only the head of the family had one to work with.

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Cap lamps were first introduced in Yorkshire in the 1920s. They were not popular in the beginning as most men still wore flat caps.

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Miners had 2 checks, 1 brass, 1 alloy. The alloy check was handed in at the start of the shift, and the brass check was handed in after the shift.

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Proctectives helmets were given to all underground workers in the 1950s. Before this, not all miners could afford to buy one. 

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A pair of protective boots that miners wore when working underground.

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Snap tins were used by miners to take their food or "snap" underground. The metal tin kept it safe from mice, rats and coal dust.

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Donkey jackets were worn in the 1980s by miners, mostly in the north. 

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Wearing a reflective vest made sure miners could be seen underground.

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A dudley is a round metal water container, which miners took underground. 

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Hurriers and then pit ponies pulled the coal tubs through the mines taking the coal to the surface.

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Miners wear gloves when working. Most miners wear gloves which are woven mesh with rubber criss-crossing.

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Horse shoes were worn by pit ponies to protect their hooves from the rocky, uneven floor of the mine. 

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In the second half of the 20th century, miners were issued with a vest, pants and overalls.

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Home and Family

A miner's cottage on the site of Caphouse Colliery in the early 1900s. A family would often rent a place to live from the mine owner.

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A miner sitting outside his house with his family. 

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A miner's wife black leading the coal fired range.

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Grandma sitting next to a coal fired range

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Miner's wife drying clothes on the rane. Washing dirty pit clothes was an endless task.

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The new housing for miners working in the colliery in Grimethorpe was opened in 1952.

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Rows of miners' homes known as 'Gaffers Row' in Silkstone, Barnsley

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Coal being delivered to homes was once a common sight.

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A miner's wife doing shopping

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Leisure and Community Life

Miners and their families would go to the Miners Welfare holiday centre in Skegness for a holiday

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Keeping pigeons was a popular past time for miners 

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Brass band playing at Gala Day in Dewsbury 1962

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Miners with their whippers. You can see the colliery houses in the background.

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Family watching a cricket match. The NCB paid for recreation grounds in mining communities 

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British Jeffrey Diamond made coal machinery and put on social events such as this sports day for their workforce and families.

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Rocks and Fossils

 

Sigillaria Sample

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Neuropteris sample

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Neuropteris-Flexuosa_sample

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Lancashire-Boiler-sandstone

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Winding House Sandstone

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Sandstone Sample

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Loco-Track-Gravel

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Control Room Slate

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